Question and Answers

    Question
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    Category: Emergencies
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    Category: Cargo Work
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    The allowable limits of Shearing Force and Bending Moments are the values which the structure of the ship is designed to take. The Ship’s capacity to bear SF and BM depends upon its sectional properties (differs from ship to ship). This capacity of the ship to take sheer and bending moment varies from one longitudinal location to other. These values are stated in the Stability Booklet of the vessel and depends upon the Classification Society Rules which lays down such requirements. The values of SF/BM are in Newton-Metre and is defined on a scale of 0% to 100% on loadicator. (more)
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    MLC Standard A4.1.4 (a) requires Medical Chest of the ship to be inspected regularly by a Competent Authority. In this regard, services of Pharmacy/Pharmacist can be utilized provided that such pharmacy/pharmacist is approved by such Competent Authority.
    Category: Emergencies
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    In actual, declaring MOB situation as a distress or an Urgency depends upon a lot of circumstances and sound judgement of the Master. For eg. let us assume a situation where the person has gone overboard but is in sight and rescue operations are initiated. A sound judgement will always tell to transmit such situation as PAN PAN (urgency) as the situation is under control and there is no immediate danger to the life. This is because, once Mayday is transmitted it will ”redirect” all the traffic towards you and all other emergencies would ”lockout” since a Mayday call has (more)
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    In accordance with Rule No 18, both RAM and NUC vessels have the responsibility to keep clear of each other. In this case, both vessel should take action and such action should preferably be to starboard.
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    Cargo Bilge water on bulk carriers can be divided into 2 types – 1. Water containing cargo residues harmful to the marine environment (HME) and; 2. Water containing cargo residues non-harmful to the marine environment (NON-HME). Discharge requirements for NON-HME Cargoes 1. Outside special areas Discharge allowed greater than or equal to 12NM (vessel enroute) 2. Within Special Areas Discharge is prohibited However, there is an exception, discharge is ONLY ALLOWED when both the loading port (next port) and the discharge port (last port), is within special area and NO part of the voyage lies outside the special area AND (more)
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    Convention is a major change (or a collection of change) which are brought into force when either a major accident happens (eg sinking of Titanic which resulted in SOLAS) or when an important research establishes the need for such convention (eg Ballast water convention). The Code on the other hand is a part of Convention and is quoted within the convention. It provides the technical aspects of the element to which the convention is referring to. Example of this is SOLAS Chap III refers to Life Saving Appliances through LSA Code. So for details about Lifebuoy or hand flares you (more)
    Category: Cargo Work
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    The timber loadlines are always above the normal loadlines. This means that the cargo of timber (or lumber) can be loaded more as compared to what would have been loaded if the vessel was using normal loadlines. Understand that the higher loadline means that the freeboard (in case of using timber LL) is lesser compared to when the normal loadline is used. The reason for this is when the timber is loaded on such ship it becomes a part of the ship adding/improving the reserve buoyancy of the vessel as a whole.
    Category: Cargo Work
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    A ship’s size is usually defined by the amount of cargo / deadweight / volume etc it caters to. Example a handysize vessel is so called because it caters to a certain size and is different from panamax and capesize. So how do we define the size of a container ship? As u know container ship carries ”boxes” unlike bulk carrier which carries cargo in bulk (the unit of which is in tonnes). So how do you define lowest unit on containers? It is the TEU or Twenty footer container. As you know that TEU is the smallest unit – (more)
    Category: Cargo Work
    marinetales August 23, 2020
    The Chain register is issued by the Classification society.
    marinetales August 22, 2020
    Inspection is a check of PHYSICAL condition of an item, such as inspection of Lifeboat or extinguishers (which you need to carry out physically). Audit focuses on past activities, detects faults, focuses on operations, system operation and documentation. Audits are not every thorough. Survey focuses on future activities so that the equipment continues to function in future. It focuses on physical status (eg a machinery which should be working in order for the survey to clear). Survey is more thorough in nature.
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